|This posture closely resembles the|
signature move of Keumgang Poosmae.
Picture from summer holliday 09
I ripped this intro to the form from this site allthough that site draws its material heavely from the Kukkiwon Textbook:
"Keumgang Poomse 금강 (金剛)
The original meaning of “Keumgang” is “to strong to be broken.” In Buddhism it also refers to something that can heal mental anguish through a combination of wisdom and virtue. In Korea, the most beautiful mountain in the Taebeak mountain range is called Keumgang. The “diamond” form takes its name from Mt. Keumgang and reflects all of the virtues associated with it as a symbol of solidity and permanence. The movements of this form should be performed powerfully to represent the immovable majesty of the mountain.
Keumgang of course roughly means “mountain” and the Chinese (Hanja) for that is 山 so clearly this is the diagram for this.
Keumgang (meaning diamond) has the significance of “hardness” and “ponderosity”. The Mt. Keumgang on the Korean peninsula, which is regraded as the center of national spirit, and the “Keumgang yoksa” (Kumgang warrior) as named by Buddha, who represents a mightiest warrior, are the background of denominating this poomsae. New techniques introduced in this poomsae are batangson teokchigi, hansonnal momtong anmakki, Keumgangmakki, santeulmakki, kheun doltzeogi (large hinge), etc., and the hakdariseogi. The poomsae line symbolizes a mountain displayed by the Chinese letter. The movements should be powerful and well-balanced so as to befit black-belter’s dignity." End quote.
The form in question can be seen by looking at this video:
Unfortunatly I do not have illustrations for the applications I am about to share so please bear with me.
First and second move after the ready position ( Betwen 7-10 seconds into the video): The first "wedge block" or "Heocho Makki" in Korean is a defense against a great number of things. For this time I will say against a person standing in front of you grabing both your arms that are in ready stance position (or simular to ready stance position). Do the "block" to release the wrist holds, extend your arm to grab your oponent and move forward striking his chin with your open hand while pulling him "into" your strike. Continue with any follow up if the situation requires it and flee the scene.
The same moves could also be a defense against a lapel grab (just be sure to do the "block" BEFORE they secure their grip on you), or a two handed push/shove.
The openhanded strike toward the chin does not appear in any other form in our system(!) so be sure to appreciate this form in your syllabus (if you are a Kukki style Taekwondo student). The form continues with two aditional open handed strikes at chin level while advancing forwards in long front stance. This could certainly be seen as either two follow up strikes to the aforementioned aplication, it could be seen as a symbol to the student that you can follow up with any of your hands after the "block" but you use your right hand two times in the forms as most people are right handed (while newer martial arts master say you should develop both sides equally by training your weak side the most, older forms often favour the right hand more than the left hand, and this can be taken as an advice to focus on your strenghts).
I look at the two aditional strikes as being two more unique ways to use the same movement, or the same movement used in a different context. In the Muye Dobo Tongji it is written (paraphrasing) "that many movements look exactly the same but the function is different". If you isolate the movement of the second openhanded strike you will see that the non striking hand is placed in front of the body while the other is at the hip, as you move forwards you pull your non striking hand toward your hip and strike forward with your striking hand toward the chin.
The second openhanded strike in the form is done with the left hand. The oponent shoves you with his right hand, you slip slightly off line (to the outside) of the shove, grab his hand with your right hand, pull him into off balance and strike his chin while moving forward. As you are comming at him from a slight angle you can use the front stance to "chrash" into his knee from the side taking him completly off balance and maybe injuring his knee joint in the process.
The third openhanded strike toward the chin is performed once again with your right hand. Picture yourself standing infront of an oponent. He starts to throw a haymaker punch or wild swing at your head. Instead of blocking it you shoot your left hand forward and stop the punch by striking his shoulder/bicep area completly destroying his momentum. Imediatly you grab his upper arm with your left hand (you could do this in one motion, and if you think about it as this is a follow up from the last openhanded punch the "non striking hand" is actually in an open handed position allready, you just close the hand to grab) and pull him off balance and into your openhanded strike toward his chin.
So here we have valid "street worthy" practical combative applications against common "street attacks" or HAOV (Habitual Acts Of Violence). If you want to learn how to "read your forms" like I have done in the examples above I will refer you to "Bunkai Jutsu" by Iain Abernethy. If you want a resource with premade combative applications to the forms you practise you should get: "Taegeuk Cipher" by Simon John O`Neil if your are a WTF/Kukkiwon affiliated student or "Chang Hon Hae Sul" by Stuart Anslow if you are an ITF/Chang Hon affiliated student. If you want to get started right away and for free of charge you can read my posts regarding practical applications of Poomsae and especially the post "Get some function in your form".
Click here for part two. Here I will look closer on the three "inward knife hand blocks" performed in back stance.