First lets take a look at the Poomsae in question using two of the best sources available at this time when it comes to video. First out is the Kukkiwon produced video which is meant to be a companion to the Kukkiwon Textbook (thats what they told me when I visited the Kukkiwon when the DVD`s came out anyway)
Look closesly at the transition between the last low X-Block (arae eutgeuro makki) and the outward back fist strike (deungjomeok bakkat chigi).
Then we have the DVD produced as a companion to Lee Kyu Hyung`s "What is Taekwondo Poomsae?"
Again look closely at the transition between the second low X-Block and the outward back fist strike. This is where an insane number of instructor, students and even high ranking masters fail. These two videos, my 9th Dan teacher, the teachers at Chosun University in Korea, as well as Kukkiwon masters teach the transition correctly, while most people get the low X-Block correct, they do not do any transition between them. This means that in their performance of the first backfist strike they chamber underneath the pulling hand, effectively making them chamber on the outside of the pulling hand. In Kukki Taekwondo, the rule of thumb is: If its a strike (chigi or jireugi) you chamber on the inside, if the move is a makki you chamber on the outside.
In performance sport poomsae this will give you a small deduction of points, and indeed most detailed books on poomsae performance will only give this reason for doing it "the correct" way, and it stops there. If you are like me and want to have a pragmatic reason for including this transition however, simply include the pulling hand in application and it becomes clear that you need to transition so that the strike does chamber on the inside of the pulling hand. If rour right hand grabs the opponents left hand and pull it toward the hip while striking an outward backfist strike you will note that the common but incorect way of doing the technique makes it impossible to do the strike to the opponents head. If however you do it in the correct way you will pull your opponent off balance and strike his head at the same time. Look at the illustrations below:
|Fig 1:This is the second X-Block. Note the right hand is over left.|
|Fig 2: Without transition you effectively go under |
or on the outside of the pulling hand for the strike.
The hands have the same position in relation to each
other as in Fig 1, the right hand is over the left hand.
|Fig 3: The outward backfist strike itself.|
|Fig 4: "Correct performance, including|
a transition between the X-block in Fig 1.
Here the left hand is on top, which is the opposite
to the ending position in Fig 1. Compare this to
the Chamber in Fig 2.
|Fig 5: Again the outward backfist strike|
To illustrate why this is important beyond "deduction of points" in a competition look at the pictures below:
|Fig 6: Here we have the incorrect transition in use.|
The right hand is over the left hand as in Fig 1 and Fig 2.
|Fig 8: Here we see the "correct perfomance" in use. The left hand is over the right hand.|
The pulling hand is clearing the way for the strike.
I`ll break down the Poomsae for you in a way you perhaps have not considered before, and I will start long before this technique, allthough I have allready made my point as far as the chamber and transition goes in a nearly future post so stay tuned :-)