The first and oldest book I have is "Taekwondo Text Book (1-3)" by Kim Jeong Rok published in 1986. The current Poomsae named Koryo was released in 1972 so it was about 14 years old at the time of publication. In the book it is stated that the first kick is to the knee and the second is to the midsection. The pictures on the other hand shows a kick at knee height and the other at face level. The application shown in the book gives a third version kicking at the oponents knee and then the throat... A killing blow in other words.. Assuming the text is correct the "official" and "correct" was knee to midsection. This book was official Kukkiwon sanctioned.
The second book I checked is not an official sanctioned book, but it is well researched. "Taekwondo; Traditions, Philosophy, Technique" by Marc Tedeschi published in 2003. Here the text and the pictures say the same thing: 1st kick is to the knee, the second is to the oponents midsection. The application presented for the moves confirmes this in both text and pictures.
|The performance line of Koryo is based on |
this Hanja. It implies "learned man".
Another publication from the same year (2006) titled "Complete Taekwondo Poomsae" by Lee Kyu Hyung & Sang H. Kim shows it quite clearly to be knee and midsection in both text and illustration (No application provided). So from 1986 to 2006 it is clear that the official targets for the kicks were knee and midsection (allthough applications provided show that any vital target is Ok), but that was to change in 2007.
In the book entitled: "The book of Taekwondo" published in 2007 by the WTF (and therefore officially sanctioned by them) says that both the midsection and the face are regarded as correct. It is therefore up to the student if he/she wants to kick to the middle or if he/she wants to kick high. This was also my conclusion after checking "The explanation of official Taekwondo Poomsae" by Ikpil Kang & Namjung Song also published in 2007 and sanctioned by Kukkiwon. Here on page 124 they say in the text that the targets are knee and mid section, but they change their minds on page 125 by saying that the target for the second kick is the face. Although in the Korean text (it is both in English and Korean) it says Momtong/Eolgol (Midsection/High section) so here you can also choose what to aim that second kick at. There is no application provided.
In 2009 the Kukkiwon published "Poomsae Textbook" and here there is no doubt that the kicks are to be targeted to the oponents knee and face. This marks the first "official" publication that changes the height for the second kick from the midsection (wich was the "correct" target since the patterns inception) to the face. Both text and photographs show the same thing. There is also no application given in this book.
|Kicking far above your own head|
is seen more and more in present
day competitions. Is this the future?
- 1986: Knee and Midsection
- 2003: Knee and Midsection
- 2006: Knee and Midsection
- 2007: Both targets are Ok.
- 2009: Knee and Face level.
- 2010: Knee and Face level.
- 2011,12,13,14 etc: ? Who knows:-)
|Lee Kyu Hyung author|
of several books.
All the best