We continue our time travel to 1962 by examining the forms required for 3rd Dan. Here the students had to choose 2 forms from the list.
- Ship Soo/Sip Soo Hyung
- Pal Sae Hyung
- Yon Bi Hyung
- Dan Kwon Hyung
- Gebaek Hyung
- Ulji Hyung
- No Pae Hyung
Ship Soo/Sip Soo Hyung is Jitte Kata of Shotokan. According to Funakoshi anyone mastering this form should be as effective in combat as 10 men or capable of defeating 10 men (translation varies). Ship Soo means 10 hands. There is not so much information regarding this form to find unfortunatly except that this form and 2 others form a forms group of three forms. They are either related or three (very) different variations on one form.
Pal Sae is a Koran name for Bassai Dai Kata of Shotokan. See my first post on this series for more info (Balhan Dae Hyung)
Dan Kwon is a pure Kwon Bup / Quan Fa chinese martial arts form. It is translated as Short fist. Many Kwon Bup styles practise forms called short fist and there is so many variations that it is extremly difficult to say anything more than it is a short fist form of chinese origin.
Gebaek is still practised in ITF Dojangs around the world. The form is often taught at around 1.Dan today. It was the fourth pattern to be devised for the Oh Do Kwan. This form was made largely by C. K. Choi in 1961. Choi would later become Koreas sparring champion.
Ul Ji is another Oh Do Kwan form that is currently being used by the ITF. This form was in large part developed by Han Cha Gyo around 1958-1960. Han Cha Gyo was one of the Taekwondo pioneers and togehter with Choi Hong Hi and others he toured the world demonstrating Taekwondo outside of Korea.
Below are video excamples of each form that I could find. I hope that the readers can tip me if they can find even better examples. Where Shotokan Karate has a version of the form in question I have opted for a Shotokan video. Most Kwan of Taekwondo had strong Shotokan roots and as such the original forms practised at these Kwan would closely follow Shotokan. Later they developed their forms as they saw fit, but there is very little video footage from those days. I also hope that the readers will comment if any of the videolinks die out so I can keep them current:-) Thank you.
Jitte Kata or Sip Soo Hyung
Here is a modern version of Sip Soo to compare.
Pal Hae Hyung maybe Bassai??
Yon Bi Hyung or Empi Hyung
Dan Kwon Hyung is translated as short fist. One other term that is often used is cannon fist. This is a Tai Chi style of cannon fist form. I have no idea if the Korean Dan Kwon Hyung was anything remotely similar to this form...
Ul Ji Hyung
No Pae Hyung (This is Shotokans form of Rohai called Meikyo)
This is the Kang Duk Won No Pae.
This seems to be the closest to the original Rohai.
Thats it. Please feel free to leave a comment if you have anything to add or if you have better video excamples then the ones I have provided.