|The "horse stance". Perhaps |
South east Asian martial arts
most famous stance?
First of all we must as always explore this from a form versus function point of view. I often find that the misconseptions that sourround my art (Taekwondo) are the result of people that are extremely familiar with the form but do not have a clue about function. And so they make up their own "function" purely based on form. Another common source is the same scenario, but now it is the students of the original people who never questions what they have learned. And so we end up with so many different myths and missconceptions that it is damn funny:)
|Stance used to awoid leg sweeps, it can be a low knee strike, or simply a part of a kick.|
It could also be used as a leg sweep as it is seen doing in Poomsae Keumgang.
a : the position of the feet of a golfer or batter preparatory to making a swing b : the position of both body and feet from which an athlete starts or operates.
So in the English language stance is something you "step into", or some posture you perform before doing somthing. In Taekwondo "Stances" is not static. The most important part of what people think of as "stance" and "technique" is not the end of the tecnique. It is more important "how you get there" or the mid portion of the stance and technique that are important in term of Taekwondo stances and strikes. The stances in Taekwondo is not merely static postures or prepatory stances that you have to do before doing something. They are:
And probably I have forgotten a few other funtions, but the only limits of the stances are your imagination.
- A means to teach the students how to control their body weight
- To damage the oponent with the stance
- To help facilitate a take down
- To increase leverage and biomechanical advantage over the oponent
|This stance can be used|
to make you oponent trip
or as an attack to his legs
as well as pushing, punching
For the second point "To damage the oponent with the stance", I must admit that I never personally learned this in "my" regular Taekwondo class. I was first shown this by a Moo Duk Kwan Soo Bahk Do stylist and later at a Keysi fighting method seminar I attended. You can use stances like ap koobi (long front walking stance) and Joochum seogi (horse stance) to hurt your opponents leg by crashing into his "stance" at a slight angle while hurting his upper body simultaniously by punching him/her. It is hard to describe in words but it is extremly effective. In sparring I have sometimes used "horse" stance to take down my oponent with this method. I did it very softly but he slamed to the floor like I had kicked him to another planet. I am convinced that it would seriously hurt and damage my training partner if I did it with any power.
|Beom seogi / Cat stance/Tiger stance anyone?? |
Who knew Thai boxers knew Karate and Taekwondo?:-p
Simular to the above the next point "To help facilitate a take down" focus on using stances as trips, or to sink your body weight into takedowns so that you not only use your muscles but your whole body to put your oponent to the ground. This also applies to many grappling techniques wich brings us to the next point: "To increase leverage and biomechanical advantage over the oponent".
|This stance is great for pulling applications,|
for tripping applications, or simply to get
away from a punch/kick. COG is low and back.
There are stances in every martial art, but in martial arts from the south east asia region (China, Japan and Korea) there is an extreme need to put everything in a neat little box and organise every little detail. In sports fencing for example a "riposte" is just a way to "lunge" toward you oponent and touch him with the tip of your sword. This would be an ap koobi in Taekwondo. But unlike Taekwondo in sports fencing no one cares of how long the "lunge" is or how many degrees their toes are pointing or anything like that. The lunge is a lunge toward your oponent. Either your sword makes contact or it dont. Simple as that:-)